The media keep talking to us about the climate crisis and environmental issues in the media with good reason. By unconsciously polluting the planet Earth, we have made our climate extremely fragile to the point where scientists fear that many natural disasters will occur there in the coming years. Indeed, oceanic floods, supervisors, and earthquakes can be expected to become commonplace. Here are some of the natural disasters that are likely to occur in the United States.
1. An earthquake in the Midwest
Nearly two centuries have passed since a series of three earthquakes of magnitude 8 shook the then sparsely populated Midwest, centered near New Madrid, Missouri. Today, the region is densely populated, but building codes are generally not up to earthquakes. Besides, the geology east of the Rockies causes earthquakes in a much larger area.
2. A hurricane in New York
Major hurricanes have already hit the boroughs directly in the past, but the interval between hurricanes is so long that people forget about them and authorities fear that people will not take evacuation orders seriously. The biggest problem is that it would take almost 24 hours to properly evacuate New York City, but hurricanes move faster as they move north, so the actual warning time could be as little as a few hours.
3. A supervolcano
This will probably not happen for hundreds or perhaps even millions of years, but no one knows when Yellowstone will erupt again, destroying life for hundreds of kilometers and burying half the country in the ashes to a depth of 3 feet (1 meter).
4. An earthquake in California
Geologists know it’s only a matter of time before another earthquake of 9.0 or more hits somewhere between Northern California and Canada. The tremors would be locally catastrophic, but the greatest threat is the tsunami that would result from a seismically identical fault line to the one that caused the deadly 2004 tsunami in Indonesia.
5. Tsunami on the Gulf Coast of Mexico
A fault line in the Caribbean has already caused deadly tsunamis. Up to 35 million people could be threatened by one of them in the not too distant future, according to scientists.
6. A tsunami on the east coast
It seems that no coast is immune to the threat of a tsunami. In the eastern United States, the most likely scenario is waves caused by an asteroid crashing into the ocean. Astronomers already have their eye on a rock that could strike in the distant future, but the cosmos could also surprise us.
Heatwaves are killing more Americans than any other natural disaster. Up to 10,000 people have died in the past. As urban areas become warmer, electrical systems are strained and the population ages, the risk of heatwaves increases.
8. The impact of an asteroid
Scientists cannot tell when the next devastating asteroid impact will occur. Likely, it will not be for decades or centuries, but an unknown space rock could strike at any time. Many experts argue that continental disaster management planning should begin now.
9. The destruction of the Earth
No one spends too much time worrying about what to do if the planet is annihilated, but at least one person has seriously wondered if and when this could happen. Whether it is to be sucked into a black hole or destroyed by an antimatter reaction, there are scientifically plausible risks of an event that would destroy the Earth. It’s better to take care of it before it happens!
10. The Los Angeles tsunami
An earthquake off the coast of Southern California could cause a major earthquake and a $42 billion tsunami that would strike so quickly that many people on the coast would not have time to flee it. Add to that the unprecedented destruction caused by the earthquake and you have a situation reminiscent of Hurricane Katrina.
Now that you know what disasters are likely to occur in the United States, do you know how to prepare for them?
11. How to get out of an emergency?
In an emergency, be prepared to survive for a week without public services or access to grocery and hardware stores. In addition to the basic survival supplies, have tools to repair the most urgent damage at home:
- Spare batteries;
- NIOSH-N95 dust mask;
- Adhesive tape in the sheath;
- Versatile tool;
- 50 feet of heavy-duty rope;
- Chainsaw and petrol or bow-and-ax saw;
- An assortment of nails, screws, and bolts;
- Flexible repair clamps for bursting pipes;
- Cover large enough to cover half the roof of your house;
- Frame wood waste;
- Rain gear;
- Work gloves.
12. Emergency bag
These items are essential for evacuation. Three days of water for four people weighs nearly 100 pounds, so use a rolling cooler, backpacks or another method to carry the load. Also, count on being separated. Choose a place where family members can gather and designate a person from outside the city with whom everyone can communicate. This is what your survival bag should contain:
- Bottled water (1 gal. per person per day);
- Non-perishable food;
- First aid kit;
- Battery or crank radio;
- Cash on hand;
- Prescription drugs;
- Vital documents in a waterproof bag (property deeds, birth certificates, telephone numbers).